Effectiveness of yoga and educational intervention on disability, anxiety, depression, and pain in people with CLBP: A randomized controlled trial
Complementary therapies in clinical practice
Short Title: Complement.Ther.Clin.Pract.
Format: Journal Article
Publication Year: 2018
Pages: 262 - 267
Sources ID: 44116
Notes: LR: 20180820; CI: Copyright (c) 2018; JID: 101225531; OTO: NOTNLM; 2017/11/03 00:00 [received]; 2018/03/07 00:00 [revised]; 2018/03/14 00:00 [accepted]; 2018/04/30 06:00 [entrez]; 2018/05/01 06:00 [pubmed]; 2018/08/21 06:00 [medline]; ppublish
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigates the effects of an 8-week yoga program with educational intervention compared with an informational pamphlet on disability, anxiety, depression, and pain, in people affected by chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Thirty individuals (age 34.2+/-4.52yrs) with CLBP were randomly assigned into a Yoga Group (YG, n=15) and a Pamphlet Group (PG, n=15). The YG participated in an 8-week (2 days per week) yoga program which included education on spine anatomy/biomechanics and the management of CLBP. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Monitoring response to intervention, the Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire (ODI-I), Zung self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Numeric Rating Scale for Pain (NRS 0-10) were used to collect data. RESULTS: After intervention, the YG showed a significant decrease (p<0.05) in the mean score in all assessed variables when compared with baseline data. In addition, statistically significant (p<0.05) differences were observed among groups at the end of intervention in depression, anxiety, and pain, but not in disability. CONCLUSIONS: The yoga program and education together appear to be effective in reducing depression and anxiety, which can affect perception of pain.