Everyday mindfulness and mindfulness meditation: Overlapping constructs or not?
Personality and Individual Differences
Short Title: Everyday mindfulness and mindfulness meditation
Format: Journal Article
Sources ID: 21515
Zotero Collections: Variations in Practice Detail, Contemplation by Applied Subject, Psychology and Contemplation, Science and Contemplation
Elaborating on our understanding of the construct of mindfulness is currently a priority as mindfulness-based therapeutic interventions proliferate (Bishop et al., 2004). Two studies examined the relationship between measures of everyday mindfulness, mindfulness during meditation, and the five-factor model personality domains. These studies also investigated the effect of sitting meditation on mood. Two samples were largely naïve to formal sitting meditation, and the third sample was screened for meditation experience. The first study found that everyday mindfulness correlated positively with agreeableness and conscientiousness, and correlated negatively with neuroticism. Little to no relationship was found between mindfulness during meditation and everyday mindfulness across all three samples. Changes in mood following meditation varied across studies.