Executive Attention and Metacognitive Regulation
Consciousness and Cognition
Format: Journal Article
Sources ID: 22352
Zotero Collections: Contemplation by Applied Subject, Neuroscience and Contemplation, Cognition and Contemplation, Psychology and Contemplation, Science and Contemplation
Metacognition refers to any knowledge or cognitive process that monitors or controls cognition. We highlight similarities between metacognitive and executive control functions, and ask how these processes might be implemented in the human brain. A review of brain imaging studies reveals a circuitry of attentional networks involved in these control processes, with its source located in midfrontal areas. These areas are active during conflict resolution, error correction, and emotional regulation. A developmental approach to the organization of the anatomy involved in executive control provides an added perspective on how these mechanisms are influenced by maturation and learning, and how they relate to metacognitive activity.