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Expanding the Scope of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy: Evidence for Effectiveness in a Heterogeneous Psychiatric Sample
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
Short Title: Expanding the Scope of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy
Format: Journal Article
Publication Date: 2012/02//
Pages: 174 - 180
Sources ID: 67441
Visibility: Public (group default)
Abstract: (Show)
Mindfulness-based interventions (e.g., MBSR; Kabat-Zinn, 1990; MBCT; Segal, Williams, & Teasdale, 2002) have demonstrated effectiveness in a number of distinct clinical populations. However, few studies have evaluated MBCT within a heterogeneous group of psychiatric adult outpatients. This study examined whether a wider variety of patients referred from a large, tertiary mood and anxiety outpatient clinic could benefit from such a program. Twenty-three psychiatric outpatients with mood and/or anxiety disorders (mean age = 53.65 years, SD = 10.73; 18 women) were included in this study. Each participant completed the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnosis Axis I and measures of mood, life stress, and mindfulness skills, prior to the start of group and immediately following its completion. Paired t-test analyses were conducted and results revealed a significant improvement in mood and mindfulness skills in addition to a significant reduction in severity and total number of perceived life stressors. In summary, our results indicate that MBCT can effectively be administered to a group of patients whose diagnoses and difficulties may vary, who have significant comorbidity, and who are currently experiencing significant symptoms. This has important practical implications for offering this treatment within broader psychological and psychiatric service systems.