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Growth of Integrative Medicine at Leading Cancer Centers Between 2009 and 2016: A Systematic Analysis of NCI-Designated Comprehensive Cancer Center Websites
Journal of the National Cancer Institute.Monographs
Short Title: J.Natl.Cancer.Inst.Monogr.
Format: Journal Article
Publication Date: Nov 30, 2016
Pages: 10.1093/jncimonographs/lgx004
Sources ID: 40116
Notes: LR: 20180810; CI: (c) The Author 2017; GR: P30 CA008748/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States; JID: 9011255; PMCR: 2018/11/01 00:00; 2017/02/23 00:00 [received]; 2017/08/07 00:00 [accepted]; 2018/11/01 00:00 [pmc-release]; 2017/11/16 06:00 [entrez]; 2017/11/16 06:00 [pubmed]; 2018/06/28 06:00 [medline]; ppublish
Visibility: Public (group default)
Abstract: (Show)
Background: Cancer centers have increasingly offered integrative medicine therapies in response to their patients' unmet needs. We evaluated the growth of integrative medicine in leading academic cancer centers in the United States as reflected by their public-facing websites. Methods: We performed a systematic review of 45 National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated comprehensive cancer center websites. Two researchers independently evaluated whether the websites provided information regarding integrative medicine modalities and, if so, whether the services were provided in the same health system. They compared the proportion of cancer centers providing the information on each modality in 2016 with the data from the prior study in 2009. Results: The most common integrative medicine therapies mentioned on the 45 NCI-designated comprehensive cancer center websites were exercise (97.8%) and acupuncture and meditation (88.9% each), followed by yoga (86.7%), massage (84.4%), and music therapy (82.2%). The majority of the websites also provided information on nutrition (95.6%), dietary supplements (93.3%), and herbs (88.9%). The most common therapies offered in the health systems were acupuncture/massage (73.3% each), meditation/yoga (68.9% each), and consultations about nutrition (91.1%), dietary supplements (84.4%), and herbs (66.7%). Compared with 2009, there was a statistically significant increase in the number of websites mentioning acupuncture, dance therapy, healing touch, hypnosis, massage, meditation, Qigong, and yoga (all P < .05). Conclusions: Leading US cancer centers increasingly present integrative medicine content on their websites, and the majority of them provide these services to patients in the same health systems.