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Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback: How and Why Does it Work?
Frontiers in Psychology
Short Title: Front. Psychol.
Format: Journal Article
Publication Date: Nov 30, 2013
Pages: 756
Sources ID: 34236
Visibility: Public (group default)
Abstract: (Show)
In recent years there has been substantial support for heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) as a treatment for a variety of disorders and for performance enhancement (Gevirtz, 2013). Since conditions as widely varied as asthma and depression seem to respond to this form of cardiorespiratory feedback training, the issue of possible mechanisms becomes more salient. The most supported possible mechanism is the strengthening of homeostasis in the baroreceptor (Vaschillo et al., 2002; Lehrer et al., 2003). Recently, the effect on the vagal afferent pathway to the frontal cortical areas has been proposed. In this article, we review these and other possible mechanisms that might explain the positive effects of HRVB.