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Organizational citizenship behavior: Its nature & antecedents
Format: Book
Publication Year: 1983
Pages: 653
Source ID: shanti-sources-48891
Collection: Altruism
Abstract: Argues that a category of performance called citizenship behavior is important in organizations and not easily explained by the same incentives that induce entry, conformity to contractual role prescriptions, or high production. Data were collected from 422 employees and their supervisors from 58 departments of 2 banks to examine the nature and predictors of citizenship behavior. Results suggest that citizenship behavior includes at least 2 dimensions: altruism, or helping specific persons, and generalized compliance, a more impersonal form of conscientious citizenship. Job satisfaction, as a measure of chronic mood state, showed a direct predictive path to altruism but not generalized compliance. Rural background had direct effects on both dimensions of citizenship behavior. The predictive power of other variables (e.g., leader supportiveness as assessed independently by co-workers and extraversion and neuroticism as assessed by the Maudsley Personality Inventory) varied across the 2 dimensions of citizenship behavior. (31 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)