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A systematic review of psychoneuroimmunology-based interventions
Psychology, Health & Medicine
Short Title: Psychol.Health.Med.
Format: Journal Article
Publication Date: Nov 30, 2017
Pages: 635 - 652
Sources ID: 31246
Notes: LR: 20180417; JID: 9604099; OTO: NOTNLM; 2017/12/22 06:00 [pubmed]; 2017/12/22 06:00 [medline]; 2017/12/22 06:00 [entrez]; ppublish
Visibility: Public (group default)
Abstract: (Show)
Psychoneuroimmunology-based interventions are used to attenuated disease progression and/or side effects of pharmacological treatment. This systematic review evaluates the different therapeutic and/or clinical psychoneuroimmunology-based interventions associated to both psychological, neuroendocrine and immunological variables. The review was conducted for all English, Portuguese and Spanish language articles published between 2005 and 2015. Independent investigators analyzed 42 studies concerning human psychoneuroimmunology-based interventions. Decreased levels of cortisol, epinephrine and norepinephrine (stress-related hormones) were associated to interventions like yoga, meditation, tai chi, acupuncture, mindfulness, religious/spiritual practices, cognitive behavior therapy, coping and physical exercises. Moreover, those interventions were also associated to reductions in inflammatory processes and levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in cancer, HIV, depression, anxiety, wound healing, sleep disorder, cardiovascular diseases and fibromyalgia. Despite the associations between PNI variables and clinical/therapeutic interventions, only one study evidenced significant effects on a disease progression.