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Yoga for Risk Reduction of Metabolic Syndrome: Patient-Reported Outcomes from a Randomized Controlled Pilot Study
Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM
Short Title: Evid Based.Complement.Alternat Med.
Format: Journal Article
Publication Date: Nov 30, 2015
Pages: 3094589
Sources ID: 29791
Notes: LR: 20170816; GR: K01 AT008219/AT/NCCIH NIH HHS/United States; GR: K23 AT006965/AT/NCCIH NIH HHS/United States; GR: P30 DK092986/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/United States; GR: UL1 TR000445/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States; JID: 101215021; 2016/05/25 00:00 [received]; 2016/08/08 00:00 [revised]; 2016/10/05 00:00 [accepted]; 2016/11/17 06:00 [entrez]; 2016/11/17 06:00 [pubmed]; 2016/11/17 06:01 [medline]; ppublish
Visibility: Public (group default)
Abstract: (Show)
Lifestyle change is recommended as treatment for adults at risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS), although adoption of new behavioral patterns is limited. In addition, most existing lifestyle interventions do not address psychological stress or quality of life, both of which impact the burden of MetS. Yoga, a form of physical activity that incorporates psychological components (e.g., maintaining attention, relaxation), is a promising intervention for improving the burden of MetS. This randomized controlled trial assessed the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a 12-week yoga program coupled with an evidence-based health education program (HED) compared to HED alone. A secondary, exploratory aim examined perceived stress, quality of life, and related psychological outcomes (mindfulness, perceived health competence, and mood). Sixty-seven adults at risk for MetS enrolled (mean age [SD]: 58 [10] years; 50% male; 79% non-Hispanic White). Preliminary results revealed significantly larger improvements in two quality of life domains (role-physical and general health perceptions) in the HED plus yoga group versus HED alone (ps < 0.05). This is the first study that implemented lifestyle education along with yoga to evaluate the potential unique effects of yoga on participants at risk for MetS. A larger clinical trial is warranted to further investigate these promising patient-reported outcomes.