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STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine effects of yoga and aerobic exercise compared with usual activity on objective assessments of sleep in midlife women. METHODS: Secondary analyses of a randomized controlled trial in the Menopause Strategies: Finding Lasting Answers for Symptoms and Health (MsFLASH) network conducted among 186 late transition and postmenopausal women aged 40-62 y with hot flashes. Women were randomized to 12 w of yoga, supervised aerobic exercise, or usual activity. The mean and coefficient of variation (CV) of change in actigraph sleep measures from each intervention group were compared to the usual activity group using linear regression models. RESULTS: Baseline values of the primary sleep measures for the entire sample were mean total sleep time (TST) = 407.5 +/- 56.7 min; mean wake after sleep onset (WASO) = 54.6 +/- 21.8 min; mean CV for WASO = 37.7 +/- 18.7 and mean CV for number of long awakenings > 5 min = 81.5 +/- 46.9. Changes in the actigraphic sleep outcomes from baseline to weeks 11-12 were small, and none differed between groups. In an exploratory analysis, women with baseline Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index higher than 8 had significantly reduced TST-CV following yoga compared with usual activity. CONCLUSIONS: This study adds to the currently scant literature on objective sleep outcomes from yoga and aerobic exercise interventions for this population. Although small effects on self-reported sleep quality were previously reported, the interventions had no statistically significant effects on actigraph measures, except for potentially improved sleep stability with yoga in women with poor self-reported sleep quality.
The purpose of the current study was to test the feasibility and efficacy of a shared yoga (SY) program for sleep disturbance in older adults with osteoarthritis (OA). Participants (ages 50 to 72) with insomnia related to OA were randomized to 12 weeks of SY (n = 9) or individual yoga (IY; n = 7). The sample was 53% male and 41% self-identified as a race other than White/Caucasian. The groups did not significantly differ in class attendance, home practice, or change scores on efficacy outcomes. Pre-post comparisons in all participants showed statistically significant improvements on the Insomnia Severity Index and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement System sleep disturbance scale. Findings support the overall feasibility of the program, both in the shared and individual formats. Efficacy data suggest that this yoga program may improve sleep, but given the study limitations, further research is needed to draw conclusions. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, xx(x), xx-xx.].