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Three compounds were isolated from alcoholic extracts of Gentiana tizuensis Franch.. On the basis of spectroscopic methods. Their structures were identified as ursolic acid (1), isooreintin (2), swertiajaponin (3). Among them,compound 2 was isolated from the plant for the first time,compound 3 was isolated from Gentiana for the first time.
The contents of four iridoids ( loganic acid, swertiamarin, gentiopicroside, sweroside) in Gentiana tizuensis Franch. and Gentiana farreri were analyzed by HPLC. The analysis was performed on Econosphere C18 (250 x 4.6 mm, 5 µm) column, with the solution of 0.5 % acetic acid and methanol as mobile phase, at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was 254 nm. The results indicated that swertiamarin was not detected in Gentiana tizuensis Franch., and the contents of four iridoids in these two plants were different.
<br>Display Omitted<br>• Response surface methodology was applied to optimize supercritical fluid extraction conditions of alantolactone and isoalantolactone. • The optimized extraction conditions were pressure 20 MPa, extraction temperature 50 °C, carbon dioxide flow rate of 17 × 10−5 kg/s and extraction time of 40 min. • Freezing purification greatly improve the content of the target compounds by 30.7 wt.%.<br><b>Inula racemose</b> Hook.f. (<b>I</b>. <b>racemosa</b>) is a traditional herbal medicine with strong anti-fungal and anti-inflammation activity while alantolactone (AL) and isoalantolactone (IAL) are the major active compounds of this plant. The aim of this paper was obtaining AL and IAL from the radix of <b>I</b>. <b>racemosa</b> by supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) which was optimized by response surface methodology (RSM). Our results showed that, the optimal conditions for maximum extraction efficiency were as follows: pressure 20 MPa, extraction temperature 50 °C, carbon dioxide (CO2) flow rate of 17.0 × 10−5 kg/s and extraction time of 40 min. Subsequently, an efficient freezing method was developed for purification of AL and IAL in the crude extract obtained from SFE. After purification by freezing, the total content of the target compounds was greatly improved by 30.7%. The results demonstrate that SFE coupled with freezing would be a powerful technique for extraction and purification of AL and IAL from the radix of <b>I</b>. <b>racemosa</b>.