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A manuscript of Tibetan medicine, P. t.1054, written on 4 pattra-leaf-like rectangular papers connected together, is collected in the Volume 10 of Dunhuang Tibetan Manuscripts Preserved in France Scroll. The contents on the front pages of the whole set is on pulse-taking of Tibetan medicine, and the back pages, on prescriptions containing 5 recipes of cathartics and medicinal oils, are included in 16 lines on the remained Scroll dealing with its ingredients, processing method, function and indications which can be differentiated into 5 units. There are altogether 30 drugs applied, including plants, animals and mineral. Among them, almost half are transliterated from foreign languages, and some of them are titled with India, Han region, etc. for distinguishing its producing area and breeds. It is preliminarily probative that this whole Scroll is translated-edited from certain part of an Indian formulary.
A manuscript of Tibetan medicine, P. t.1054 is recorded in the Volume 10 of Dunhuang Tibetan Manuscripts Preserved in France, which is written in 4 pattra-leaf-like rectangular papers connected together. The content in the front side is the pulse-taking of Tibetan medicine, and the back, on prescription. For the pulse-taking, it deals with the manifestations, time and position for pulse-taking, paradoxical and death pulse. There is no information about the title, author, editor, translator, copyist or collector.
Tibetan Manuscripts No.01272 preserved in Guazhou county museum were excavated from a Xixia site. It contains three pieces of medical manuscripts which belonged to two different documents, containing medical prescriptions and external treatments. The medical prescriptions include purgative, cold and wound medicines, which are presented in the form of ingredients, manufacture and instructions. The external treatments include acupuncture and bloodletting. The study of the three pieces will be helpful to the study of the medical history during Xixia dynasty and the history of Tibetan medicine communication.
A Tibetan manuscript with title of Sman-dpyad gces-pa grub-pa kun-'dus-pa in the Collection of Practiced Medical Quintessence, was found in the basement of a Buddhist tower named 'Bum-pa-che in Lhokha (Shannan), Tibet. It contains a purgative recipe of TCM with its title "Powder of Han Region" and several ingredients in Chinese transliteration. Based upon the rule of medieval Chinese system of pronunciation with reference of related texts and studies, a textual research identifies it as a kind of Maren (seed of Cannabis sativa L. ) wan in TCM. Although no identical formulae of its kind has been found in extant literature of TCM prior to the Song Dynasty(960 AD), yet its ingredients, pharmaceutical preparation and efficacy are very similar to the Modified maren wan, the variant formulae of Maren wan in Wai tai mi yao (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) of the Tang Dynasty.
P. t.1061 preserved at the Manuscripts Department of the Bibiothèque Nationle de France, is a Dunhuang Tibetan veterinary medical manuscript that focuses on the surgical therapy of equine rhinopathy. The method of blowing a small quantity of ammonium chloride through a bamboo tube to treat horse nasal sinus diseases was described in the original scroll; if not effective, burn with a proper cauterization apparatus; if still ineffective, prick with a fine bloodletting needle; if still not effective, operate frontal trephination. The frontal trephination documented in P. t.1061 is by far the earliest record in Tibetan language of relative operation so far discovered.