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In this study, a green, simple, and sensitive method was developed for the analysis of aliphatic aldehyde s from fried meat by using a modified gas purge-microsyringe extraction (GP-MSE) system in combination with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection. The modified GP-MSE system possessed two gas channels and showed better recoveries for compounds with diverse density in comparison with one gas channel GP-MSE system. Target compounds in fried meat were effectively extracted without the traditional solvent extraction and lipid removing process, while the HPLC sensitivity of aldehyde s was enhanced by introducing 2-(12-benzo[b]acridin-5(12H)-yl)-acetohydrazide (BAAH) with excellent fluorescence property into the molecules. Parameters influencing the extraction efficiency and HPLC sensitivity were optimized. The limits of detection (LODs) ranged from 0.30 to 0.45 μg/kg, and the limits of quantification (LOQs) ranged from 1.0 to 1.5 μg/kg. The recoveries of the target compounds were in the range of 86.9 to 95.6%. The proposed method was successfully applied to the analysis of aldehyde s in fried meat samples. Formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, pentanal, hexanal, heptanal, octanal, nonaldehyde, and decanal were all found in fried meat samples with concentrations ranging from 0.05 to 17.8 mg/kg.