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A Behavioral-Educational Intervention to Promote Pediatric Sleep During Hospitalization: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Short Title: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Format: Journal Article
Publication Date: 2018/07/04/
Pages: 356 - 370
Sources ID: 117255
Visibility: Public (group default)
Abstract: (Show)
Objective/Background: Hospitalization can contribute to common sleep difficulties in children. Interventions aimed at hospitalized children need to be developed and piloted with rigorous evaluative methods. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a behavioral-educational intervention aimed at increasing nighttime sleep for hospitalized children. Participants: Hospitalized children aged 4–10 years and their caregivers. Methods: A pilot randomized, controlled trial with concealed-group allocation was conducted. Forty-eight hospitalized children (ages 4–10) and their caregivers were randomized to either the Relax to Sleep (RTS) intervention group (n = 24) or the Usual Care (UC) comparison group (n = 24). The RTS intervention was comprised of a one-on-one educational session for the parent that was guided by a standardized booklet containing information on sleep and instructions for training the child in the use of a diaphragmatic breathing exercise. UC participants received no information about sleep or relaxation. Children wore actigraphs for 3 days and nights and completed sleep diaries. Outcome measures included feasibility, acceptability, and sleep outcomes. Results: Parental reports indicated they enjoyed the discussion on sleep, found the information helpful, and their child found diaphragmatic breathing easy to use, and would use it again in the future. Children in the RTS group averaged 50 minutes more nighttime sleep, and had less wake after sleep onset time compared to children in the UC group. Conclusion: Sleep is critically important to children’s health and well-being and should be given important consideration during hospitalization. Although the results of this pilot trial seem promising, more interventional studies are needed.