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Better control with less effort: The advantage of using focused-breathing strategy over focused-distraction strategy on thought suppression
Consciousness and Cognition
Short Title: Consciousness and CognitionBetter control with less effort
Format: Journal Article
Publication Date: 2016/02/01/
Pages: 9 - 16
Sources ID: 109771
Visibility: Public (group default)
Abstract: (Show)
It has been suggested that unwanted thoughts usually intrude during mind wandering due to a shortage of mental resources. However, strategies for suppressing such thoughts have never been examined from a mind wandering perspective. Here, we compare the effectiveness of two types of attention distraction strategies that either redirect users’ attention to their own breathing (focused-breathing strategy, FBS) or to a mental image (focused-distraction strategy, FDS) as related to working memory capacities. Eighty-two undergraduates were randomly assigned into a FBS or FDS group. They completed a concentration task and a thought suppression task, in which mind wandering and thought intrusions were each measured. Our results support the hypothesis that mind wandering is positively correlated to thought intrusions and shows that FBS is more effective than FDS in reducing mind wandering and thought intrusions. Moreover, in contrast to FDS, the effect of FBS is independent of users’ mental resources.