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Cultural aspects of anxiety disorders in India
Dialogues in clinical neuroscience
Short Title: Dialogues Clin.Neurosci.
Format: Journal Article
Publication Date: Nov 30, 2016
Pages: 117 - 126
Sources ID: 69426
Notes: LR: 20180513; JID: 101238198; OTO: NOTNLM; 2017/09/05 06:00 [entrez]; 2017/09/05 06:00 [pubmed]; 2018/01/19 06:00 [medline]; ppublish
Visibility: Public (group default)
Abstract: (Show)
Cultural factors have influenced the presentation, diagnoses, and treatment of anxiety disorders in India for several centuries. This review covers the antecedents, prevalence, phenomenology, and treatment modalities of anxiety disorders in the Indian cultural context. It covers the history of the depiction of anxiety in India and the concept of culture in the classification of anxiety disorders, and examines the cultural factors influencing anxiety disorders in India. We review the prevalence and phenomenology of various disorders, such as generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety, and phobic disorder, as well as culture-specific syndromes such as dhat and koro in India. Finally, the review examines the wide range of therapeutic modalities practiced in India, such as faith healing, psychotherapy, ayurveda, psychopharmacology, Unani medicine, homeopathy, yoga, meditation, and mindfulness. We conclude by emphasizing the significance of cultural factors in making relevant diagnoses and offering effective and holistic treatments to individuals with anxiety disorders.