Distress Tolerance as a Predictor of Adherence to a Yoga Intervention: Moderating Roles of BMI and Body Image
Short Title: Behav.Modif.
Format: Journal Article
Publication Date: Nov 30, 2015
Pages: 199 - 217
Sources ID: 69761
Notes: LR: 20170201; CI: (c) The Author(s) 2015; GR: F31 DA036919/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States; GR: R01 DA027533/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States; JID: 7803043; OTO: NOTNLM; 2015/11/05 06:00 [entrez]; 2015/11/05 06:00 [pubmed]; 2017/02/02 06:00 [medline]; ppublish
Collection: Yoga-Based Interventions for Stress and Anxiety
Visibility: Public (group default)
This study tested whether distress tolerance, body image, and body mass index (BMI) predicted adherence to a yoga intervention. Participants were 27 women who participated in a yoga intervention as part of a randomized controlled trial. Attendance and distress tolerance were assessed weekly, and body image and BMI were measured at baseline. Multilevel modeling revealed a three-way interaction of distress tolerance, BMI, and body image (p < .001). For participants with few body image concerns, distress tolerance was positively associated with adherence regardless of BMI (p = .009). However, for those with poor body image, increases in distress tolerance were associated with increases in adherence among overweight participants (p < .001) but lower adherence among obese participants (p = .007). Distress tolerance may be implicated in adherence to a yoga intervention, although its effects may be dependent on body image concerns, BMI, and their interaction. Research and clinical implications are discussed.