The Effects of Mindful Learning on Pro-Environmental Behavior: A Self-Expansion Perspective
Consciousness and Cognition
Format: Journal Article
Publication Year: 2017
Pages: 140 - 148
Source ID: shanti-sources-81891
Collection: Contemplative Pedagogy in Higher Education
Abstract: * Mindful learning is applied into the domain of environmental protection. * We test the association between mindful learning and pro-environmental behavior in the perspective of self-expansion. * Mindful learning could influence self-reported pro-environmental behavioral intentions in both positive and negative ways. * The mindful-leaning material need to be carefully selected and employed.; This current article explores the differential effects of mindful learning on pro-environmental behavior from the perspective of self-expansion. A total of 253 participants were recruited for four experiments. In Study 1, the mindful-learning group reported greater levels of pro-environmental behavioral intentions compared to a randomized control. In Study 2, we utilized different learning materials focusing on self, humans, or the biosphere in three sub-experiments. Study 2a manipulated mindsets by a self-related focus and revealed participants in a mindfulness condition had lower pro-environmental behavioral intentions than those in the mindlessness group. Study 2b centered on humans and results showed that participants in a mindfulness group reported higher levels of pro-environmental behavioral intentions. Finally, Study 2c induced mindsets with a biospheric focus, showing participants in the mindful-learning condition had greater pro-environmental behavioral intentions. Combined, the studies provide empirical evidence that mindful learning could influence self-reported pro-environmental behavioral intentions both positively and negatively.