The effects of relaxation breathing on procedural pain and anxiety during burn care
Short Title: Burns
Format: Journal Article
Publication Year: 2013
Pages: 1101 - 1106
Sources ID: 117254
Visibility: Public (group default)
Introduction: Burn patients experience high levels of pain and anxiety during dressing changes. Relaxation breathing is a simple behavioral intervention to manage pain and anxiety. However, the information about the effects of relaxation breathing on pain and anxiety levels for burn patients during dressing changes is limited.Methods: This study followed a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest comparison group design without random assignment to groups. A total of 64 burn patients from Daejeon, South Korea were recruited by a convenience sequential sampling approach. With institutional approval and written consent, the experimental group practiced relaxation breathing during dressing change procedures. Data were collected from June to September 2011 using a VAS for pain and a VAS-A for anxiety. Results: The homogeneity test was used to detect any signiﬁcant group differences in the demographic data and pretest measures. The pain scores signiﬁcantly differed between the 2 groups after intervention (RB group vs. control group, P = .01) and over time (pretest vs. posttest, P = .001). The anxiety scores signiﬁcantly differed between the 2 groups (P = .01) and over time (P = .02). Conclusion: Relaxation breathing is a simple and inexpensive technique nurses can use to help burn patients manage pain and anxiety during dressing changes. # 2013 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.