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The Strength-Focused and Meaning-Oriented Approach to Resilience and Transformation (SMART): A body-mind-spirit approach to trauma management
Social work in health care
Short Title: Soc.Work Health Care
Format: Journal Article
Publication Date: Nov 30, 2005
Pages: 9 - 36
Sources ID: 70026
Notes: LR: 20101118; JID: 7603729; 2006/09/08 09:00 [pubmed]; 2007/03/01 09:00 [medline]; 2006/09/08 09:00 [entrez]; ppublish
Visibility: Public (group default)
Abstract: (Show)
This article introduces the Strength-focused and Meaning- oriented Approach to Resilience and Transformation (SMART) as a model of crisis intervention, which aims at discovering inner strengths through meaning reconstruction. Limitations of conventional crisis management and current findings in post-traumatic growth research are discussed. Instead of adopting a pathological framework, the SMART approach holds a holistic view of health, employs facilitative strategies, and promotes dynamic coping. Intervention components include Eastern spiritual teachings, physical techniques such as yoga and meditation, and psycho-education that promotes meaning reconstruction. Efficacy of the SMART model is assessed with reference to two pilot studies conducted in Hong Kong at the time when the SARS pandemic caused widespread fear and anxiety in the community. Response to potential criticisms of the SMART model is attempted.