Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Medical and Premedical Students
Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Format: Journal Article
Publication Year: n/a
Source ID: shanti-sources-22275
Zotero Collections: Contemplation by Applied Subject, Medical Learning and Contemplation, Heath Care Workers & Organizations and Contemplation, Psychiatry and Contemplation, Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction / Cognitive Therapy, Psychotherapy and Contemplation, Higher Education and Contemplation, Health Care and Contemplation, Education and Contemplation
Abstract: The inability to cope successfully with the enormous stress of medical education may lead to a cascade of consequences at both a personal and professional level. The present study examined the short-term effects of an 8-week meditation-based stress reduction intervention on premedical and medical students using a well-controlled statistical design. Findings indicate that participation in the intervention can effectively (1) reduce self-reported state and trait anxiety, (2) reduce reports of overall psychological distress including depression, (3) increase scores on overall empathy levels, and (4) increase scores on a measure of spiritual experiences assessed at termination of intervention. These results (5) replicated in the wait-list control group, (6) held across different experiments, and (7) were observed during the exam period. Future research should address potential long-term effects of mindfulness training for medical and premedical students.