Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Medical and Premedical Students
Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Format: Journal Article
Sources ID: 22275
Zotero Collections: Contemplation by Applied Subject, Medical Learning and Contemplation, Heath Care Workers & Organizations and Contemplation, Psychiatry and Contemplation, Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction / Cognitive Therapy, Psychotherapy and Contemplation, Higher Education and Contemplation, Health Care and Contemplation, Education and Contemplation
The inability to cope successfully with the enormous stress of medical education may lead to a cascade of consequences at both a personal and professional level. The present study examined the short-term effects of an 8-week meditation-based stress reduction intervention on premedical and medical students using a well-controlled statistical design. Findings indicate that participation in the intervention can effectively (1) reduce self-reported state and trait anxiety, (2) reduce reports of overall psychological distress including depression, (3) increase scores on overall empathy levels, and (4) increase scores on a measure of spiritual experiences assessed at termination of intervention. These results (5) replicated in the wait-list control group, (6) held across different experiments, and (7) were observed during the exam period. Future research should address potential long-term effects of mindfulness training for medical and premedical students.